Cats and dogs
Domestic pets bear little resemblance to their wild predecessors. Along the centuries, they underwent selections in favor of the qualities required by human, but not in favor of the development of the strong health and qualities necessary for survivance. Thus, domestic cats and dogs should be supplied with all the necessary nutrients not being driven by animal-better-wants-what-it-needs principle. Although wild cats and dogs are varmints who usually eat meat they are periodically forced to eat insects, eggs, plants and fruits. Thus, it is not correct to feed them by the meat products only. The diet of the domestic pet should be various and balanced, should not contain seasoning and spice as well as the indigestible and allergy-trigger or digestion disordering products (potato, pasta, white bread, sugar etc.)
In addition, stomachs of dogs and cats are small and not conditioned for the digestion of liquid food, thus the food should be quite dry and nutrient.
Basing on the above-mentioned reasons, correct, healthy feed of the cats and dogs is very uneasy task. To organize a diet, balanced on the amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, energy, vitamins, minerals, and other long set of food components is a very difficult task and almost impossible in domestic conditions. Thus, there exists a complete gamma of the commercial feeds, which manufacturers carefully study the issues concerned with animals feeding and consider the requirements of the different species and breeds on the different development stages and other peculiarities.
Feeding greatly influences the health and prevention of domestic pets’ diseases, their appearance and behavior.
Feeding is the most important factor that influences the animals’ growth, development, their reproduction abilities and fur quality.
Balanced feeding ensures implementation of genetic potential of the animals and becomes the most important condition for feed conversion increasing.
Feeding has direct relation to the preservation of reproduction abilities, productivity, health and, consequently, economical efficiency.
All fur-bearing animals are separated on:
- Carnivorous – mink, otter, fox, ice-fox, polecat, yellow weasel, sable, lynx;
- Phytovorous – rabbit, marmot, coyput, chinchilla, ondatra;
- Euryphagous – raccoon dog.
Animals’ requirements of nutrients depend on animal types, seasons, age and life cycle. Currently, feeding of the adult animals and separated youth is provided in accordance with norms and measured in Kcal per day. Recommended ratio of the nutrients in the diets is expressed in the rate of the digested protein, fat and carbohydrates per 100 Kcal.
Due to physiological condition the nutrients requirement sufficiently differs, which is also reflected in the change of diet structure. For correct feeding the following should be considered:
- Nutrient density of the feed;
- Feed composition and the value of particular nutrients;
- Feed taking under different feeding conditions and physiological body condition.
Horse demands the most qualitative and cleanest feed. Horse feeding should supply body with all the required nutrients, vitamins, micro and macro elements.
Except of traditional feeds (hay, straw, oats), vitamin-mineral premixes, combined feed, silage, haylage, herbal pellets brickets, saltlicks, many root crops and their treatment products are currently used. Horse diet should include:
The best forage for horse is normally considered meadow hay and among seeded grasses – gramineous and grass-and-legume. Good hay is a source of many nutrients and is beneficial for digestion.
- Feed and vitamin additives: vitamin preparations, microelements, minerals, and etc.
- Concentrated feeds; oats, barley, wheat, corn.
- Forage: hay, haylage, straw
- Fodders of animal origin: skim milk, meat-bone, fish meal and etc.
Reasonability of feed preparation for feeding is discussed in any particular case considering its type and quality. Normally, good quality forage (hay, straw) and reasonable values (up to 10 kg) are recommended to be fed in natural condition. In case of use of larger amount of straw, it should be fed as cut and previously mixed with other feeds and forage seeds. Among forage feeds fed to horses are oats, barley, wheat, corn, pea, beans, cake, weatings and etc. Oats is the most preferable as it is light digestible and favorable for digestion activity. Horses with good teeth are fed by whole oats, while adult horses with weak teeth and young horses should be fed by grinded oats to ensure easier chewing and digesting. Other types of forage grain and cakes must be grinded, however, the grind should not be too fine, while digesting, and the meal is clued together in crumbles and hardens digestion. Horse diet should include the most various animal and herbal origin feeds and different additives. Mostly fed herbal feeds are green, forage and grain feeds and root crops, silage and technical production residuals (extrusions, cakes etc.) are fed less. Feeds of animal origin takes less than 10 % in horses’ diet (nutrition density).
To increase diets completeness and their balance different vitamin-mineral premixes and concentrates are used.;
Having special knowledge concerning animals feeding and maintaining, MEGAMIX offers premixes, combined feed, and safe feed additives for different types of agricultural and non-productive animals.